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Current temperature: 16°C (60.8°F).
Facts about the animals
The grizzly bear, common to North America, is a subspecies of the brown bear (Ursus arctos). The fur can be anywhere from a cream colour to a dark brown or nearly black. The tips of their fur is white or silver giving them a grizzled look, hence the name “Grizzly”. The pelt is dense and offers excellent protection from insects and the environment in general. Cubs tend to have a lighter coloured coat. The head is large in relation to body size; its snout protrudes from a concave or dish shaped face with a high forehead. The large hump on the shoulder is mainly composed of muscle and fat. This provides them with exceptional digging power when carving out dens and when searching for food. The large paws have five digits; long claws measuring between 5-12 cm, with the claws of the front paws being longer and straighter. They are plantigrade (they walk flat on their paws). Although they belong to the order of carnivores, in reality they are omnivores. They have pronounced canine teeth for tearing meat but have large, flat molars for grinding plant material.
The male is considerably heavier than the female and can typically reach a weight of 385 kg, depending on where it lives. The heaviest ever recorded weighed was 700 kg. A female can weigh up to 200 kg. Grizzlies grow to an average of 2 m when standing up and measure 1.25 m at the shoulder when on all fours.